Let’s face it, most of the time rants aren’t that constructive. Most of the time. But when they are well-intentioned, well-conceived and passionately concerned about things that matter… well perhaps they havetheir place. And then when they come from the pen of a man who thinks he is dying of cancer, and who therefore worries about what will happen long after he’s gone, you really have to sit up and take notice.
Now, before we get too carried away, calling ‘Why Johnny Can’t Preach’ a rant is unfair. But it is a book that does not mince its words – it’s succinct (only 100 pages) and direct. Johnny is the generic everyman preacher – and Gordon’s terrible realisation is that he can’t preach. His evidence is avowedly anecdotal (but he never gets personal). And the phenomenon he describes is all too recognisable. People put up with, or ignore, or (even worse) go out of their way to avoid, less than ideal sermons because their pastors have other assets and virtues – or because they have nowhere else to go.
In the course of the book, Gordon offers some wonderful correctives. Take this on sermon length:
I suggest that it is not the case (as is so often argued) that people have a reduced attention span today, and that this is why they object to the length of the sermons. People may very well have a reduced attention span, but even so, they have no difficulty giving attention to a discourse they deem important and well organized. Bad preaching is insufferably long, even if the chronological length is brief…
I realized then that sermon length is not measured in minutes; it is measured in minutes-beyond-interest, in the amount of time the minister continues to preach after he has lost the interest of his hearers (assuming he ever kindled it in the first place). (pp30-31)
In Gordon’s view, at stake more than anything, therefore, is content. Issues of delivery and style are obviously important – but content is the key. And too much preaching has lost this for a number of reasons. He cites 3 primary concerns, all of which appear to be the results of a multimedia-saturated culture which is driven by the entertaining and the trivial.
- An inability to read texts closely and sensitively
- An inability to compose communication carefully
- An inability to distinguish the significant and essential from the mundane and irrelevant.
And, I’m afraid, it’s hard to disagree. A lot of the time, preachers are guilty as charged. He overstates the evils of all things modern and media – and I’d have preferred a more nuanced approach to things like TV etc (see, for instance, a previous post on Everything Bad For You Is Good For You). But hey – he has a point. Several in fact.
I was particularly challenged by his first major contention, namely our failure to do justice to the intricacies and nuances of texts. His solution is that we learn to appreciate poetry (so suggests Shakespeare’s Sonnets, for starters), primarily because with poetry, you have to read it slowly. There was a very nice quotation to C S Lewis on the difference between those who ‘receive’ texts and those who ‘use’ texts (unfortunately tucked away in a footnote):
The first reading of some literary work is often, to the literary, so momentous that only experiences of love, religion, or bereavement can furnish a standard of comparison. Their whole consciousness is changed. They have become what they were not before. But there is no sign of anything like this among the other sort of readers. When they have finished the story or the novel, nothing much, or nothing at all, seems to have happened to them. from An Experiment in Criticism (CUP, 1961)
Gordon’s next challenge, after slowing reading right down, is to learn to communicate verbally without what he calls the inarticulacy of ‘verbal farts’ (!) – sentences that begin but never quite, you know, just not really, kind of, come to a sort of… you know? His solution is that we discipline ourselves to write letters by hand – no spell-checker, no cut and paste, no editing on the job. With a hand-written letter, you actually have to plan (!) what you are going to say in advance. And if you make too many errors, you have to start again.
All in all, we should strive for a combination of all 5 of these preaching hallmarks (which Gordon distils from the 7 ‘Cardinal Requisites’ in Dabney’s ‘Lectures on Sacred Rhetoric’):
- Textual Fidelity: does the significant point of the sermon arise out of the significant point of the text?
- Unity: if 10 people are asked after the sermon what it was about, will at least 8 give the same (or similar) answer?
- Order: could hearers compare notes and restate how the sermon progressed from point to point?
- Evangelical tone: Is the sermon Christ-centred? Do hearers get the impression that the preacher is for them or against them?
- Instructiveness: does the sermon significantly engage the mind, or is the sermon full of commonplace clichés, slogans and general truths? Is the hearer likely to rethink his/her views of God, society, church, or self, or his/her reasons for holding current views?
There is an urgency to this book which is infectious, but appropriate. Mercifully, since first writing the book in 2004, David Gordon has been in remission. However, he has published it now with only a few revisions, so that the original urgency of his writing remains. It is not a long read – but it is an important one. And I couldn’t have agreed more with one of the endorsements on the back cover, which states, “Adds more to the homiletical conversation than ten books twice its length.”
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Thank you, Mark, for reading my little monograph so carefully and sympathetically. Johnson’s Everything Bad is Good for You is on my syllabus in my introduction to Media Ecology, so I consider it an important work. But you will note that much of his argument is that contemporary media (especially TV) are better than they once were, a point I will grant (Hill Street Blues was indeed a breakthrough). The question, however, is whether TV is better than novel or poetry, which Johnson doesn’t address.
Blessings to you,
T. David Gordon
Absolutely fair point, David – and glad the Johnson book is on your radar!
Randomly stumbled upon this post today after ready the popologetics review… very interesting. Must read that book!
To this day, many French unis impose writing essays by hand, with structure being all-important – you automatically fail for going 10% over the word count, or for volunteering information that is “hors sujet”!
I’m fascinated by the ways essay writing techniques taught in school shape the way cultures think, and by extension preach.
France = absctract analysis (generally in 3 parts), mandatory open conclusion. USA = starting with a theory, you have to defend it until the end. UK = more or less pragmatic inventory of relevant information, linear reasoning. Central/Eastern Europe = very poetic. Asia = cyclic approach to reasoning.
The very defended expository approach to preaching is IMHO a pure product of UK essay writing technique, and often comes accross as tedious/stale to those brought up on the abstract French analysis diet.
British people often find French reasoning impractical/not relevant to everyday life.
American politicians get upset with French ones for being wishy washy, and French people are deeply upset with American politicians for refusing to acknowledge alternative viewpoints.
Cyclic essays tend to go on for ages since you start over from the beginning with each new paragraph – and Brother Yun, for instance, bemoans his inability to find western preachers capable of preaching long enough for the Chinese congregations!
It’s all the way we’re taught to write… and why preaching to a multicultural audience is such a complicated business.
you make a very important point here – although i think perhaps are a little too reductionistic about being a ‘pure product’ of UK essay style. Furthermore, my experience with Langham, as i travel all over, mainly in Eastern Europe, etc is that expository preaching is not about a style of delivery or even ordering a talk/essay, but a methodology with texts. It’s about reading and communicating what one’s read – and this is what i think this book is getting at. We then need to encourage people to speak/preach/write in an authentically culturally appropriate where for their context. If that means a 3-point logical talk, fine, if a more narratival or discursive address, fine too…